We have been hearing more and more about 5G technology in recent days, both from smartphone retailers and from mobile operators and industry. There is no shortage of information in society about how a fifth-generation network will guarantee the high speed of the Internet and change many areas of our lives. At the same time, there is no doubt that this technology will not harm our health. So what exactly is 5G and how to better understand this technology?
Evolution of 4G Network
Various demonstrations of 5G network capabilities and unexpected deployment scenarios often suggest that 5th generation mobile communications are completely new.
In reality, however, it is rather the evolution of 4G that has surrounded us for almost a decade and a mixture of technical solutions that have been around for some time.
The best example of this is MIMO technology, which allows a device to receive and transmit information from multiple communication transmitters simultaneously.
If you have a newer smartphone, it is likely that it connects to the 4G network using it. This technology will also be used in the deployment of 5G, and such solutions will allow smaller transmitters to be housed in a single antenna. By the way, this will not only increase the speed of the internet but also reduce the cost of mobile data to consumers, as operators will need less equipment to transmit the same amount of information.
Fiber optic is another example that 5G is created using the technology around us. Initially, it was considered a great rarity and luxury, but for several years now, optical cable has been introduced to almost every home in every city.
It is this type of cable that will supply the Internet and 5G communication antennas. The only difference is that they will be more efficient and will be able to transmit the signal faster.
5G Network is safe for your health
In the current debates on the development of 5G, the argument of the health risks of electromagnetic radiation is often used. Similar discussions took place a few decades ago, when the first mobile network was developed, and recurred before the introduction of each new generation of it, and researchers have been researching the field for a number of years.
In response to public fears, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has decided to dispel the doubts by reviewing relevant research conducted over the past 11 years. It has determined that the radiofrequency exposure of this smartphone does not pose a significant risk to health if the service life of this device is within or below current standards.
Another important fact is that there has been no epidemic of unexplained diseases in the last 30 years that can be attributed to the increasing use of smartphones operating at any mobile frequency. As 5G is an evolution of a fourth-generation network that has been around for many years, rather than a completely new technology, it is safe to say that even if it became more popular, it would not pose a greater risk to public health than it does now.
5G Network is safe for the environment
Energy efficiency is one of the biggest concerns of the telecommunications sector. 2018 alone the ten largest mobile network operators in the world have spent more than 14 billion USD for electricity, and with the onset of the 5G, telecom companies’ demand for energy is growing as it needs more capacity and faster connectivity.
Therefore, 5G companies are looking for sustainable solutions with a high level of integration and at the same time eliminate the need for necessary premises and air conditioning. This is Huawei Green PG Power’s solution, which allows you to transmit more than 5,000 gigabytes of data using just 1 watt of electricity. This is 10 to 20 times more efficient than 4G technology.
In addition, the solution integrates artificial intelligence and IoT technologies into the energy system and increases the overall energy efficiency of 5G networks by 20%. This guarantees that the 5G network consumes the same amount of energy as 4G, ensuring significantly higher performance.
5G Network is safe for User Data
At the beginning of the development of 5G, there were indications that telecom equipment manufacturers might neglect the security of data circulating on the network in order to maximize connection speeds, which would pose a threat to consumer privacy. This risk has been taken seriously by the European Union, which has issued specific regulatory rules for 5G networks, setting out data protection requirements that are stricter than those applicable to the 4G network.
Huawei also complies with these requirements – the company does not have access to any data sent over a 5G connection, as all information on the network is encrypted. 5G can be thought of as a fortress without vulnerabilities – data is encrypted across all links in the network, which protects sensitive user information such as identity and location. This is one of the things that the 4G infrastructure does not do. In addition, 5G data encryption is much more complex than the current network generation. It would take millions of years for a computer to decipher them.
In order for other 5G suppliers to comply with this legal framework, the German Information Security Bureau encourages the European Union to choose the already existing and market-recognized NESAS-CSA as a unified EU 5G network security certificate. This would improve the enforcement of EU legislation and reduce the cost of network deployment procedures.